October 6, 2007

Formatting in Outlook Express

Q:

I use Outlook Express for most of my e-mailing and sometimes I would like to do some formatting (headers, line spacing, etc.) in my e-mails, but I can never figure out how to do it. Please help!

 

A:

I sure can! That really is an excellent question buy cialis online usa and I'm sure you're not the only one who has wondered about it. It must be very frustrating when you go to type out an e-mail and all you want to do is add an indent, but you can't figure out how to do it. And that's just one example! I can't even imagine all the other things you could have done with your e-mails if you only knew where to look. Well, I for one, do not want you all to go another second without knowing how to format your e-mails. If you're using Outlook Express, the process is super easy and I'm sure all of you will get the hang of it right away. Alright, let's get down to it!

 

The first thing you need to do is start a new e-mail, so in Outlook Express, click on Create Mail and then place your mouse cursor in the e-mail body with just one click. It's important to click into the e-mail first, because that activates all of the formatting options for you. When you're ready to start, go up to the Format menu and choose what you would like to do. A few of the options you'll see are Style, Font, Paragraph, Background, Encoding and so on. I recommend that you take some time to go over all the choices and familiarize yourself with them. If you do that, you will know better where to go to get done what you want to do.

 

For example, the Style option is where you'll find most of your choices. From within the Style menu, you can do everything from change your font to adding a double space to your lines to adding headers to starting a new paragraph to adding bullets and numbers and so on. If you want to add double spacing to your e-mail, go to Format, Style and choose Formatted. You can then begin typing out your e-mail and each line will come with a double space in between. Or, if you'd like to add a bulleted list to your e-mail, go to Format, Style and click on the Bulleted List choice. That will automatically add some bullets to your e-mail and you can then start typing.

 

Alright, now let's say you want to change the Font of your e-mail. If so, go to Format, Font and the Font dialogue box will pop up. From there, you can change the font design, the style, the text size and you can even choose a color to type in if you'd like. When you're done making your selections, just click OK and all of that formatting will then cross over into your e-mail. Once you start typing, you will see all of your changes come alive!

 

Also from the Format menu, you can add a background to your e-mails. Go to Format, Background and then select either Picture, Color or Sound. If you want to add one of your pictures to the background of your e-mail, choose Picture. You can then browse through your picture files and add one to the e-mail you're going to send out. Or, you can choose Color and change the whole color scheme of your e-mail. Maybe you're sending out invitations to a football party you're having and you'd like to use the team colors of your favorite team. If it were me, I would want to do scarlet and gray for the Ohio State Buckeyes (Go Bucks!), so I would choose an all gray background and then use the Font method from up above to make my text red. It looks so cool 8like that!

 

The Format menu is also where you can change your text from Plain Text to Rich Text (HTML) or vice versa. Or, if you'd like to add some stationery to your e-mail, you can do that from here as well. Just go to Format, Stationery and then choose the one you'd like to use. It's as simple as that! So, as you can see, the Format menu gives you the power to do just about anything with the e-mails you send out. If you want to spice your e-mails up a bit, the Format menu is the place to go. Or, if you just want to do some simple formatting, it's there for you. Whatever you need to do, the Format menu is there for your rescue!

 

Now, unfortunately, I have not been able to find a way where you can keep the same formatting for every e-mail you send out, so you will have to redo everything for each new e-mail you send. I know that's a bit of a pain, but it's really not that bad, because you'll probably want to do something different for each one anyway. Either way, the Format menu is a great tool to familiarize yourself with in Outlook Express. It holds the power to make your e-mails look just the way you want them. Check it out today!

 

~ Erin

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Upcoming Ubuntu release to improve features for educators, general, power users

October 3rd, 2007

 

Posted by Christopher Dawson @ 8:05 pm

 

Ubuntu continues to emerge as a leader in mainstream Linux distributions and is increasingly friendly to the average end user. Much to the chagrin of Linux purists, who are more concerned with the raw power and customizability of the OS rather than developing a mainstream alternative to Windows, Ubuntu and other distributions like OpenSUSE and PCLinuxOS continue to march ahead with distributions that are truly usable in most educational settings.

 

Recent advances in video components and driver development are making Ubuntu quite a bit friendlier for the classroom (these updates actually apply to several upcoming distributions, but the visual changes to Ubuntu are especially apparent at this website). Eye candy aside, it will shortly be as easy to hook up a digital projector or other secondary monitor to an Ubuntu laptop as it is for an XP, Vista, or Mac OS machine. While some distributions have handled this better than others, all too often, users ended up editing configuration files to use external monitors. This is not fun in front of a classroom.

 

While Ubuntu 7.04 (their last major release) marked some serious improvements in plug-and-play-style driver support, 7.10 (the so-called Gutsy Gibbon release) will include automatic configuration of most printers. Similarly, printing to PDF files is now supported at the OS level, rather than only in OpenOffice, so virtually all applications can be used to generate PDFs. It also looks as though automatic installation of Firefox plugins will be built in as well, removing one more potential configuration step from average users.

 

As with their 7.04 release, it looks like Ubuntu 7.10 will set a fairly high bar for usability. This is a good thing, no matter what Linus Torvalds says; if all of the money saved by using an open source OS in your school is eaten up by training and setup costs, and the good will of the open source community is negated by your angry, confused users (the vast majority of whom have no desire to be Linux geeks), then you might as well use Windows. Alternatives are good and so is competition. While buy cialis no prescription the alternatives don’t need to look like something out of Redmond, it sure helps if they are user friendly. As soon as Ubuntu 7.10 becomes available, I’ll pop it on a few student machines and let you know just how friendly it is.

 

And if you’re wondering, check the countdown timer below to see just how long you have to wait (Are you as excited as I am? No wonder

 

Pasted from <http://education.zdnet.com/?p=1250>

 

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Poll: Americans wrong about computer security

Reuters

Published on ZDNet News: Oct 2, 2007 5:32:00 AM

 

Most Americans believe their computers are protected against viruses and spyware, but scans found that a large number had outdated or disabled security software, according to a poll buy cialis generic released on Monday.

 

Fully 87 percent of Americans polled said they had antivirus software, 73 percent said they had a firewall and 70 percent said they had antispyware software, according to the survey by security software maker McAfee and the National Cyber Security Alliance.

 

But when pollsters asked to remotely scan the respondents' computers, the story turned out to be very different.

 

While 94 percent of those polled had antivirus software, just half had updated it in the past month, the survey showed. Eighty-one percent had a firewall protecting private information, but just 64 percent had enabled it. And 70 percent said they had antispyware software, but only 55 percent had enabled it.

 

Spyware not only monitors what a computer user does, but can also install software without the user's consent and interfere with the computer in other ways.

 

Bari Abdul, a McAfee vice president, said most viruses were not written by attention-seeking hackers looking to pull a prank.

 

"Most of the action has gone to stealing identity," he said after speaking at a cybersecurity conference sponsored by the National Cyber Security Alliance.

 

Nine percent of those polled reported having had their identity stolen, he said.

 

The survey questioned 378 people between August 2 and September 10 about security on their home computers. The Cyber Security Industry Alliance is seeking U.S. legislation to set standards for the government and private industry to prevent data breaches and tougher criminal penalties against spyware.

 

The Federal Trade Commission, which is one of several government agencies investigating cyber fraud, said on Monday it had stopped a scam that had infected 15 million computers.

 

Three men, who gave up the $330,000 they made from the scam, collected various forms of spyware and adware and used them to infect computers, the FTC said. They made money by putting adult ads on the computers and advertisements for Internet-based businesses or travel.

The unwanted software was hidden in free screen-savers and video files that users downloaded.

"Every time they infect a consumer, they're getting paid," said Ethan Arenson, one of the FTC lawyers who worked on the case.

 

FTC Chairman Deborah Majoras urged computer users to protect themselves against malicious software.

 

"I can tell you we have two dozen open investigations into data security," said Majoras told attendees at the first National Cybersecurity Awareness Summit, held this week in Washington, D.C. "We can't round up all the bad guys."

 

Majoras said she wanted to computer users to hit "delete" instead of "reply" when they get spam or e-mail that is "phishing" for personal information that could be used for identity theft.

 

"Phishing absolutely drives me insane," she added.

 

Pasted from <http://news.zdnet.com/2100-1009_22-6211093.html?tag=nl.e550>

 

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Police Blotter: Fired worker blames porn on malware

By Declan McCullagh, News.com

Published on ZDNet News: Oct 3, 2007 6:20:00 AM

 

Police Blotter is a weekly News.com report on the intersection of technology and the law.

 

What: Hospital respiratory therapist files lawsuit against hospital for unlawful termination, blaming malicious software for bookmarking pornographic Web sites.

 

When: U.S. District Judge Sarah Evans Barker rules on September 26.

 

Outcome: Hospital wins motion to dismiss.

 

What happened, according to court documents and other sources:

 

David Farr was once employed as a respiratory therapist at St. Francis Hospital in Indianapolis, Ind. He started there in October 2000 and was the only male respiratory therapist.

 

All of the seven respiratory therapists share a small office divided into individual cubicles with one computer in the center of the room. Each therapist is assigned a password, though it's unclear whether logs are kept of each user's individual activities.

 

In July 2005, Farr's supervisor informed him he was suspended from work because pornographic entries were found in his "Favorites" file, apparently a reference to Web sites bookmarked. Farr denied being responsible and said he was rebuffed when he asked for details about the allegations.

 

Farr was fired in August 2005. An e-mail message from the hospital's lawyer at the time claims to "have evidence that provides us with reasonable belief that he was accessing pornographic Web sites on his work computer."

 

After losing his job, Farr went through the formal grievance process listed in the hospital handbook and met with no success. He filed a lawsuit after the grievance committee upheld his termination in December 2005.

 

What makes this case relevant to Police Blotter is that Farr claims that "St. Francis failed to install and update effective antivirus protection on its computers" and that any pornographic bookmarks were inserted by malicious software. He also claims that antivirus software was required by Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.

 

Farr even retained a computer forensics specialist who concluded: "No one had intentionally loaded the list of Web sites on the computer. Rather, the list was placed on the respiratory therapists' computer by a common and well-known Internet virus that promotes fee-generating pornographic sites."

 

buy cialis doctor online 0in; font-family: Verdana” align=”justify”>That is plausible. One of the malicious programs known to inject porn bookmarks is CoolWebSearch, also called CWS or CoolWWWSearch, and it's been around since 2003. Some reports have estimated that 5 million sites are infected with it and that more than 60 strains of it exist.

 

Probably the most famous example of someone seemingly ensnared by malware is the criminal prosecution of substitute teacher Julie Amero, who was arrested after the computer (which had been in use by the students) began displaying porn ads. Amero's conviction was overturned and she was granted a new trial in June.

 

In Farr's case, though, the courts weren't as willing to listen. The district judge granted St. Francis' request to dismiss four counts in Farr's complaint: allegations of unfair dealing, negligence, defamation, and wrongful discharge. (He has also alleged gender discrimination, saying he was singled out because he was male.)

 

The thing is, though, that it should have been relatively easy to figure out if Farr had actually been a customer of those pay-to-play porn sites. A cursory examination of the browser's cache and other log files would have showed whether just the home pages were visited (probably malware) or whether pages requiring payment were visited (probably a human). In addition, antispyware tools would have detected the presence of malicious software. However, there is no evidence that the hospital did either type of analysis.

 

Excerpts from the judge's opinion:

 

Farr argues that St. Francis breached two duties owed to him: 1) a duty imposed by the St. Francis Handbook to conduct a "thorough and fair investigation of allegations of wrongdoing that can result in termination of employments," and 2) a duty imposed by HIPAA, to install and maintain antivirus software on the computer used by the respiratory therapists in the course of their employment.

 

Although artfully phrased, Plaintiff's first claim is nothing more than a general claim of negligent performance of an employment at-will contract on the part of St. Francis. As such, Plaintiff has failed to state a claim as Indiana has heretofore refused to acknowledge a cause of action in negligence based upon an employer's defective performance of an employment contract.

Plaintiff's second allegation of negligence also fails to state a claim as HIPAA does not create a duty on the part of employers to protect employees from computer-virus-related injuries; instead, HIPAA creates a duty owed by St. Francis to its patients to maintain the confidentiality of their protected health information…

 

The Indiana Supreme Court currently recognizes only three exceptions to the presumption that employment without a defined or ascertainable duration, or without a specific job security agreement, is terminable at-will: 1) when the employee supplies adequate independent consideration in return for permanent employment; 2) when termination contravenes a clear statutory right or duty; and 3) when the employee establishes promissory estoppel. (The complaint) implicates only the second of these exceptions, the public policy exception. In this count, Farr asserts that the termination of his employment constitutes wrongful discharge because St. Francis terminated him in order to cover up its violation of HIPAA.

 

The public policy exception to the at-will doctrine can be "generalized to the proposition that an employee who has been fired for exercising a statutory right or refusing to violate the law has a claim for wrongful discharge." This is a narrow exception to the at-will doctrine, and the Indiana Supreme Court has expressed its reluctance to broaden it absent direction from the state legislature.

 

Despite the reiteration of the narrowness of the public policy exception by the Indiana Supreme Court, Plaintiff implores us to extend the public policy exception to allow a claim for wrongful discharge when an employee is fired out of expediency to cover up an alleged violation of law by the employer. To bolster his argument, Plaintiff claims that his termination contravenes Plaintiff's "right to live his life free of specious and knowingly false accusations that were designed to hide his employer's wrongs." Although it is likely that most people would like to live a life free from specious and false accusations, Plaintiff fails to indicate how such a freedom is clearly secured by statute (specifically, HIPAA).

 

Pasted from <http://news.zdnet.com/2100-9588_22-6211377.html?tag=nl.e550>

 

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A turn in the antispyware war?

By Ari Schwartz, News.com

Published on ZDNet News: Oct 3, 2007 4:00:00 AM

 

In a case that threatened to undermine the effectiveness of antispyware technology, a federal court last month sided with consumers when it ruled that companies can't be sued for providing Internet users with effective tools to protect themselves against online threats.

 

The case pitted Kaspersky Lab–which offers a range of antispyware and antivirus tools–against notorious adware distributor Zango.

 

A ruling in favor of Zango would have had wide-ranging negative impact, not just for Kaspersky, but for all antispyware developers, and, in turn, for the millions of consumers who rely on those companies to keep their computers free of unwanted, often malicious programs.

 

Thankfully, U.S. District Court Judge John Coughenour sided with Kaspersky, holding that the Communications Decency Act immunized the company against Zango's claims and giving users of antispyware software the comfort of knowing that their antispyware software can alert them about the potential risks of all questionable software.

 

Although the law protects consumers' rights to determine what goes on their own computers, it is antispyware and antivirus technologies that allow consumers to enforce those rights.

buy cialis brand 0in; font-family: Verdana” align=”justify”> 

It's difficult to overstate the importance of this ruling. A Consumer Reports study suggests that spyware will cost consumers $1.7 billion this year alone. At its best, unwanted adware/spyware is a persistent nuisance that saps vital computer resources, and at its worst it is a debilitating threat that can crash systems, open security holes and rob victims of their identities.

 

The good news is that the damage from spyware is down from $2.6 billion in 2006 due mostly to the growth of the antispyware industry and law enforcement action–including the Federal Trade Commission's recent $4 million settlement with Zango.

 

The global antispyware community–a group that includes security companies, consumer advocates, legislators and government agencies–has mounted a multipronged attack that includes lawsuits, novel legislative approaches and the aggressive enforcement of consumer protection laws. But the single most important factor in getting the spyware threat under control has been the profusion of powerful, effective technologies designed to help users protect themselves against online threats.

 

Although the law protects consumers' rights to determine what goes on their own computers, it is antispyware and antivirus technologies that allow consumers to enforce those rights.

 

Zango's lawsuit was a gambit intended to strike at the very heart of that essential resource.

The danger of the Zango suit and others like it is that deep-pocketed adware distributors (in 2004 Zango was named to Inc. magazine's list of the 500 fastest-growing private companies) will be able to use legal intimidation to bully antispyware distributors into hobbling the tools they provide for consumers. Judge Coughenour's ruling is an important step toward putting a stop to that approach by making it clear that antispyware software makers

 

• Qualify for liability protections as interactive computer service providers under law because they allow users to choose to connect to a remote server to retrieve new definitions files

• May subjectively and according to their own criteria label material objectionable

• Do not have to follow a "good faith" standard when labeling software objectionable

 

While this ruling suggests that antispyware companies have a lot of latitude in flagging software, the industry has recognized that users expect that antispyware companies must do due diligence in their decision-making. In fact, under the auspices of the Anti-Spyware Coalition, the antispyware industry has developed its own set of voluntary self-regulatory working reports that define spyware; set out objective criteria for flagging unwanted software, and lay out an approach that lets antispyware companies quickly and equitably resolve disputes with other software makers.

 

User empowerment is the best response we have to emerging Internet threats. The more control consumers have over their own computers, the less likely they are to fall victim to the unceasing flood of scams and exploits that menace the global Internet.

 

If we are going to continue to win the battle against spyware, legislators and the courts must continue to defend a robust, competitive marketplace for user empowerment tools.

 

Pasted from <http://news.zdnet.com/2010-1009_22-6211302.html?tag=nl.e550>

 

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